Man is a social being and he has to live and react within the society. He has to learn different social habits like helping the people, gentleness, respect for elders and teachers, patience, tolerance, co-operation, discipline, etc. These good habits make him a good social creature and he is known as a good person for others.
Moral values refer to a set of principles that guide an individual on how to evaluate right versus wrong. People generally apply moral values to justify decisions, intentions and actions, and it also defines the personal character of a person. A person’s moral values can come from a variety of sources, including religion, cultural traditions, individual experiences and most importantly the parent and the teacher.
However in today’s era, it is a big question for the schools and family that how to infuse moral values among the children. How and when moral values should be taught to the children? It is going to be a big question for the schools and family when they have been facing different types of behavioural problems among the children. Sometimes we can say that it is the influence of modern time or it may be an effect of improper care by parents or it may be an effect of change in the society and changing family environment.
Role of parents
Moral development shapes the child’s decision making process. His experiences from birth help mould the morals, he eventually develops. As his parents, they play a significant role in instilling the morals that they feel are valuable. Their parenting techniques help to shape their little one into a moral adult. On the part of parents, they should develop moral values among their children. They should instill moral thoughts by providing utmost care, love, affection and proper family environment. Parents should always pose themselves or set an example in such an ideal way to their children so that they should always imitate their parents.
This could better be done by talking, discussing things with them, explaining what is right and what is wrong, by keeping them in check and cautioning them, praying with them, etc. They should also encourage them, support them, listen to them patiently and give them some space to express themselves as well.
Although, children receive and learn good values from their teachers, friends, peers and other people around them but major part comes from their parents. Only when the parents are morally upright, their children also become morally upright.
Role of Teachers
Imparting knowledge or facilitating learning is the responsibility of teachers. But in an age when parents are increasingly shirking their responsibilities in bringing up their children, it is also teacher’s responsibility to assist in developing the desired characteristics or moral values among their students.
The characteristic of good teaching includes the responsibilities of a teacher. Besides being a source of knowledge, facilitator of learning, it is also the responsibility of a teacher to foster the desirable characteristics among the students. The characters among the students such as honesty, truthfulness, hard work, mannerism, enthusiasm for learning, discipline, etc. should be developed.
A teacher to infuse good moral values among the students should be like a friend, philosopher and guide to his students. A teacher can do this by setting a good example himself. He should always love his students and motivate them. He should ambitiously a hard working personality. A good and wise teacher should run a student centered classroom and lead students to ask questions, and answer them satisfactorily. He should provide both positive and negative reinforcements to mould his students in a desired way. A student should always find his teachers concerning him and not ignoring him. A teacher, whatever he expects from his students as a member of society should himself set an example first.
In preparing children for their roles in society, the development of desired characteristics or moral values of students cannot be overlooked. It is not only the responsibility of only the parents or the teachers to develop moral values among the children or students. But it is the duty and responsibility or both parents and the teachers to rear the child like a small plant. They should infuse all the good thoughts and values among them. For this, the parents should play a role of parents as well as of a teacher, and the teachers should play a role of teachers as well as of the parents to mould the children in a desired shape.
By:- -Dr. Ruchika Verma
Assistant Professor, B.Ed. Deptt.
Uttaranchal College of Education (UCE)