One of the worst social crimes thriving in our country is “DOWRY SYSTEM”. It is badly influencing most of the parents who have given birth to a girl child. And this crime has also become the reason of another cruel crime of “Female Feticide”. The system of dowry takes place where groom’s family are greedy and want to do a business deal with bride’s family and demands cash, vehicle, clothes, gold, furniture, appliances, utensils or other things on the cost of their son and they name it as “wedding ceremony”. They have forgotten the pure and sacred feelings of wedding and just have made it as a business deal.
Act against Dowry System:
According to the records in India, most of the incidents occur where bride is either burnt or committed suicide due to this cruel evil of dowry system. Various actions have been taken for ending this crucial problem in our country by the government and non-government organizations. By government of India, an act has been declared to prohibit the give and take dowry directly or indirectly, enacted in year of 1961. According to it, dowry “any expensive property or valuable security” taken by one party from another party, either their parents or relatives, at the time of wedding or before and after the time of wedding, it comes under the dowry prohibition act of 1961.
Penalty for demanding dowry:
Penalty for the party, whether they demand dowry directly or indirectly, is imprisonment of 6 to 24 months with the fine of not less than 10000 Rs.
Penalty for giving or taking dowry:
Penalty for both parties, if they give or take dowry, whether at the time of marriage or before and after the marriage is imprisonment of minimum 5 years with fine of 15000 Rs.
Results of Dowry System:
It is quite obvious that result of Dowry system has been always very bad for all and further it will be more dangerous.
- Till now various girls child are killed before birth as their parents don’t want to have burden of a girl child, because at the time of their daughter’s wedding they have to give dowry to the groom side.
- Bride’s parents are forced to sale their house, agriculture fields or other expensive properties to get rid of the debt which they had taken at the time of their daughter’s wedding to fulfil the demands of groom side.
- Accidental incidents like suicide or burning happens with the bride when her parents could not be able to fulfil the unlimited demands by her husband’s parents or relatives.
Solutions to this problem:
Solutions for this unacceptable problem are:
- Firstly the law against this crime should be strict and rigid with no concession.
- Women education and empowerment is must for preventing this crime.
- Awareness by advertisements and campaigns should be spread all over country to tell people about the hazardous effects of this crime.
- Women should take stand against this illogical demand by groom side.
One of the worst crimes that is arising its head in most of the communities during wedding is “dowry system”, that is completely non acceptable for all. One side we say that boys and girls are equal in all matter and girls are not less than boys; on the other side we make such a huge difference between them at the time of their marriage when boy’s parents have right to demand dowry from bride side and bride side is forced to fulfill their demand at any cost. If we want our country to be a successful and developed country, then dowry system should be completely ended.
By:- Sandhya Kumari
B.Ed Session 2015-17
Uttaranchal College of Education (UCE)