New Education Policy Draft

New Education Policy Draft

The NEP Draft is welcomed with a lot of dismay and protest against the ‘Hindi imposition’ in the non-Hindi states. “Curriculum and pedagogy will be transformed by 2022 in order to minimise rote learning and instead encourage holistic development and 21st-century skills such as critical thinking, creativity, scientific temper, communication, collaboration, multilingualism, problem-solving, ethics, social responsibility, and digital literacy.” (NEP Draft, 2019)

 Committee for Draft National Education Policy’ was led by Padma Vibhushan Dr.Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan.On1st of June, the Human Resource Development Ministry (HRD) opened the draft of New Education Policy (NEP) 2019 for public review.

Salient features of NEP 2019:

  • The policy aims to universalize the pre-primary education by 2025 and provide foundational literacy/numeracy for all by 2025
  • It proposes new Curricular and Pedagogical Structure, with 5+3+3+4 design covering the children in the age group 3-18 years. Under this, Pre-Primary & Grades 1-2 is considered as foundational Stage; Grades 3-5 as Preparatory Stage; Grades 6-8 as Middle Stage and Grades 9-12 as Secondary Stage. This is an academic restructuring only; there will be no physical restructuring of schools. It aims at equitable & inclusive education for every child in the country, with a special focus on under-represented groups (URGs).Universal Access & Retention with 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio for all school education by 2030.
  • Children learn languages, most quickly between 2-8 years, and multilingualism has great cognitive benefits for students. Therefore a three-language formula has been proposed
  • It proposes the teaching of other classical languages and literature, including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Pali, Persian, and Prakrit in schools
  • A new independent State School Regulatory Authority (SSRA) to be created
  • It aims to consolidate 800 universities & 40,000 colleges into around 15,000 large, multidisciplinary institutions
  • The policy proposes three types of Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs): Research Universities, Teaching Universities and Autonomous degree-granting colleges
  • It aims to provide autonomy to all higher education institutions. Higher education institutions to be governed by Independent Boards with complete academic and administrative autonomy
  • An autonomous body called the National Research Foundation (NRF) to be set up through an Act of Parliament
  • Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or the National Education Commission – apex body – to be constituted. It will be chaired by the Prime Minister and will comprise eminent educationists, researchers, Union Ministers, representation of Chief Ministers of States, eminent professionals from various fields
  • MHRD to be re-designated as the Ministry of Education (MoE)
  • Increase in public investment by the Central and State Governments to 20% of overall public expenditure over a 10 year period


Suggestions of the Draft National Education Policy will play a critical role in the transformation of the Indian education system. It is expected to help India in reaping its demographic dividend. However, the Draft National Education Policy has certain sore points that need to be relooked at for the benefit of teachers and students alike


By -Asst. Professor – Anjna Rana
Department -EDUCATION
UCBMSH Magazine – (YouthRainBow)
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